Posts Tagged ‘Better Care Lower Cost Act’

Which Value-Based Reimbursement Model Will Ultimately Align Physicians?

February 24th, 2014 by Patricia Donovan

Move over, ACO: a new payment model in town “has an excellent chance of coalescing value around a single model,” according to Greg Mertz, MBA, FACMPE, managing director of Physician Strategies Group, LLC.

It’s not yet law, but the federal Better Care, Lower Cost Act introduced last month circumvents the ACO’s attribution model, which Mertz describes as “loosey-goosey,” and targets the sickest and highest cost patients, who are also eligible for financial incentives if they play by the act’s health management rules. In Mertz’s eyes, the ACO has a limited life span.

Touching briefly on the proposed legislation, Mertz all but left the accountable care organization off his list of six value-based physician compensation models explored during Physician Alignment: Which Model Is Right for You? workshop sponsored by the Healthcare Intelligence Network — except as a footnote under Population Management, a model Mertz described as still evolving.

And while three-quarters of healthcare leaders agree that quality is driving the need for alignment around a preferred reimbursement model, the simple presence of physicians in a hospital does not translate to alignment.

Instead, the financial catnip of incentives will draw physicians to collaborative efforts, he said. Mertz moved workshop participants along a “collaborative continuum” of alignment from an environment of “mutual toleration”—the state of many two- to four-doctor practices today where planning can be challenging—to Population Management, a model he termed “the least defined, most questionable of the value models right now.”

In all, Mertz explored the following six models:

  • Process Improvement
  • Physician-Hospital Organization (PHO)
  • Shared Savings
  • Case Pricing/Bundled Payments
  • Co-Management
  • Population Management

Engaging physicians in process improvement efforts is a first step toward much larger things, Mertz noted. “If you can’t get doctors to collaborate over something like standard orders, surgical trays or discharge orders, you’re going to be hard-pressed to move up the continuum toward any other kind of value models.”

Shared savings, a term nearly synonymous with kickbacks until a few years ago, now aligns with the government’s goal of reducing costs, Mertz noted, although it can be complex to implement. High cost service lines like orthopedics are good contenders, he added.

Case pricing and bundled payment models have great potential, while population management requires large numbers of physicians and patients. Many questions still surround population management, including the idea model to employ (Medicare’s ACO or a commercial payor’s), the best quality metrics to measure, and the likely short- and long-term benefits.

To guide workshop participants, Mertz presented examples of a small rural hospital, a competitive community hospital, and a large health system, outlining the challenges, likely realities and possible reimbursement models for each.

Regardless of an organization’s size, to foster alignment, healthcare companies should focus on education, engagement and fostering good citizenship among physicians, Mertz said, defining this last concept as being an active participant in organizational efforts.

“Help [physicians] develop the skills and ability to interact with their peers. Just because they have an MD or a DO after their name, doesn’t mean they know how to do that.”

Those efforts will pay dividends, he notes—including the kind that could eventually end up in physicians’ pockets.

Click here for an extended interview with Greg Mertz on the future of accountable care organizations.