Archive for the ‘Patient-Centered Medical Home’ Category

5 Features of the Patient-Centered Medical Home

October 23rd, 2014 by Cheryl Miller

Patient-centered medical homes (PCMHs) are not about pigeon-holing certain diseases or illnesses, says Terry McGeeney, MD, MBA, director at BDC Advisors, but about delivering acute and chronic care prevention and wellness. Dr. McGeeney reiterated the five essential features of the medical home as the groundwork for a medical neighborhood.

Given many of the initiatives of the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS), coupled with the Triple Aim, many have gotten bogged down and probably overly focused on the name: patient-centered medical home (PCMH). What’s important are the features or attributes of the PCMH: first, its patient-centeredness, a partnership among practitioners, patients and their families that ensures and respects the decisions of the patients and ensures patients have the education and support they need.

Secondly, in a PCMH, the care needs to be comprehensive. It’s a team of care providers who are wholly accountable for a patient’s physical and mental healthcare needs, including prevention and wellness, acute care, and chronic care.

Third, you will hear discussions about the PCMH being about a certain disease or illness. Please note that it’s acute and chronic care prevention and wellness. Pigeon-holing conditions, while important, is more of a chronic quality improvement initiative and not PCMH.

Fourth, under the PCMH, care needs to be coordinated. Care is organized across all elements of the broader healthcare system, including specialists, hospital, home healthcare, community service and support. There’s a lot of debate now about what we call ‘post-acute care’ or ‘transitions in care.’ Jonathan Blum, principal deputy administrator of CMS, recently spoke on the importance of post-acute care. This is what coordinated care particularly is all about.

Care has to be accessible. Patients are able to access services with shorter waiting times, after-hours care with access to EHRs, etc., and there has to be a commitment to quality and safety. Clinicians and staff need to enhance quality improvement with the use of health IT and other tools that are available to them.

We also need to be very careful that quality care is not equated with lower cost of care. Sometimes those two have a tendency to get muddled.

Source: Blueprint for a Medical Neighborhood: Building Care Coordination Between Specialists and PCPs

http://hin.3dcartstores.com/Blueprint-for-a-Medical-Neighborhood-Building-Care-Coordination-Between-Specialists-and-PCPs_p_4967.html

Blueprint for a Medical Neighborhood: Building Care Coordination Between Specialists and PCPs provides a framework in which to evaluate the patient-centered medical neighborhood (PCM-N) model. Pictured here is Terry McGeeney, MD, MBA, director of BDC Advisors, who navigates the landscape of the medical neighborhood, from the value-based payment realities of healthcare today to identifying and engaging specialists in a medical home neighborhood.

Bon Secours Blueprint for Advanced Medical Home: From Mortar to Measurement

October 7th, 2014 by Patricia Donovan

The building of Bon Secours Health System's Advanced Medical Home1 began with a walk-through—an assessment of bricks and mortar, explains Robert Fortini, vice president and chief clinical officer at Bon Secours Health System.

In Phase 1 of our Advanced Medical Home project, my team goes into a practice and does a basic workflow discovery—an assessment of bricks and mortar. Oftentimes, the physical plant is not effectively used.

Our objective in a primary care practice is to give each physician at least three or four exam rooms whenever possible. We will do that in a number of different ways, even if it means putting up walls or moving charts out now that we are electronic, or eliminating sample medication closets. We will do whatever it takes to achieve those three rooms per physician.

Next, we review the staff that is providing clinical support. We have developed competency assessment tools for patient service representative (PSR) staff, medical assistant (MA) staff, several different levels of licensed practical nurse (LPN) and our registered nurse (RN) navigator, which is the embedded case manager.

Third, we do an analysis of the physician’s panel size and risk acuity levels and form teams. Team formation is a difficult thing to do because you not only have to assess skills, licensures, panel size and patient acuity, but you also have to take personalities into consideration as well. That is the single most difficult obstacle to being effective.

Fourth, we introduce equipment and training on that equipment so the staff has tools they can use. We do wave testing point of care again, the objective being to eliminate that patient behavioral component and capture an actionable result on the spot before they leave the office. Their hypoglycemic agent or their Coumadin® dose could be titrated accordingly.

Fifth, we do optimization training with the use of our electronic medical record (EMR). We make sure everyone knows how to navigate and is comfortable with the documentation we require. We also use a coding training for the physician’s staff.

Finally, we have a set of metrics to establish baseline so we measure performance.

1. The Advanced Medical home is a model developed by the American College of Physicians involving the use of evidence-based medicine, clinical decision support tools, the Chronic Care Model, and other strategies to manage a patient population.

embedded case management

Robert Fortini, PNP, is vice president and chief clinical officer for Bon Secours Medical Group in Richmond, Virginia. He is responsible for facilitating provider adoption of EMR, coordinating clinical transformation to a patient-centered medical home care delivery model, and facilitating participation in available pay for performance initiatives as well as physician advocacy and affairs.

Source: Case Managers in the Primary Care Practice: Tools, Assessments and Workflows for Embedded Care Coordination

WellPoint Referral Preparedness Tools Support Physician-Specialist Care Compacts

October 2nd, 2014 by Cheryl Miller

With the help of care compacts that drive accountability between primary care physicians and specialists, WellPoint has launched a medical neighborhood pilot for three specialties with clear care coordination alignment opportunities with primary care medical homes. Here, Robert Krebbs, director of payment innovation at WellPoint, Inc., discusses how Wellpoint supports the care compact model with Referral Preparedness Tools— add-ons devised for physician/specialist patient handoffs.

One thing we found interesting was the uniform request from physicians for what we call ‘Referral Preparedness Tools.’ That’s a name we made up. These are add-ons to care compacts that call out common conditions for a given specialty, the conditions for which they often get referrals or consult requests from PCPs. It specifies for that condition what the specialist would like to see for the initial consult or regular repeating referral, and what they want the PCP to do first and send to them and specifically, what they want the PCP not to do—that is, things to avoid before sending the patient over.

On the flip side, the tool lists for that condition what the specialist intends to send back to the PCP. The practice will work on this together for common conditions. The tool doesn’t list everything that could possibly happen, but rather specifies the patient flow for common conditions.

We didn’t initially include this tool in our care compact expectations. The practices asked us for this; they see this as a true opportunity to drive improvement and efficiency in the system, to avoid unneeded care and to make sure that the correct care is provided for all patients.

We’re going to monitor development of these tools throughout the pilot to determine common themes so we can provide a good template starting place on this run as well as for future pilot practices in this program. We’re excited that specialists have made this template their own. They’re hard at work identifying what they’d like to see in these scenarios.

dual eligibles care
Robert Krebbs is the director of payment innovation at WellPoint where he has accountability for the design, development and rollout of value-based payment initiatives. He works directly with network physicians and facilities on innovative performance measurement programs aimed at delivering healthcare value by promoting high quality, affordable care.

Source: Care Compacts in the Medical Neighborhood: Transforming PCP-Specialist Care Coordination

7 Lessons from a Health Network’s Home Visit Program

September 23rd, 2014 by Melanie Matthews

Home visits to patients with complex care needs can provide huge returns by identifying patient compliance barriers that are only apparent when seeing a patient in their home. Dr. Larry Greenblatt, M.D., director for the chronic care program at Durham Community Health Network for Duke University Medical Center, shares organizational lessons from using home visits as part of a care transition program to reduce avoidable hospital readmissions and emergency room utilization.

With our patient population, none of these patients in the program have simple or single diagnosis. We learned that Care Partners providing intensive and frequent service with a strong face-to-face component backed by an interdisciplinary support team can help high-utilizing patients receive their care in more effective and efficient outpatient settings.

Second, when using previous programs that focused on telephone education and advice, we discovered that the face-to-face interactions have a direct impact on these patients and their ability to change their care model.

Third, we discovered that, if effective on a larger scale, our care model could be used nationally as a significant means of reducing healthcare costs.

Fourth, this intervention reduced unplanned admission days by 77 (71 percent) in three months. This reduction greatly benefits the medical patients and gives us increased capacity for new admissions. It also improves the life and the care of those patients who are involved in the program.

Fifth, most of our pilot patients had unmet mental health and substance abuse problems and had difficulty obtaining needed services. That was another benefit of having the multidisciplinary team sitting around the table as we did care conferences on our patients on a weekly basis. We actively addressed the mental health needs to help get a patient’s medical issues taken care of and result in higher benefits from our care being linked to all of the care.

Sixth, this multidisciplinary approach, direct face-to-face contact and ongoing telephone contact is the secret in making this program work.

And finally, patients often did not have a primary care provider at the beginning of the pilot and they benefited from being linked with one. Finding them a medical home was important and made the patients feel more comfortable with continuing to keep outpatient appointments.

home visits
Dr. Larry Greenblatt, MD, is the medical director for the chronic care program at Durham Community Health Network. Dr. Greenblatt is also an associate professor of medicine at Duke University Medical Center, where he has been on the faculty since 1994. Dr Greenblatt focuses on postgraduate medical education and primary care.

Source: Home Visit Handbook: Structure, Assessments and Protocols for Medically Complex Patients

4 Goals for Furthering Care Coordination in the Medical Neighborhood

August 28th, 2014 by Cheryl Miller

With the advent of the medical neighborhood, care coordination is no longer the sole domain of the primary care practice (PCP), but a responsibility shared among all providers that touch the patient. But how to formalize co-management of patients by PCPs and specialists — in a way that both assures efficient delivery of high-quality healthcare and addresses the ‘pain points’ of each provider group? Here, Robert Krebbs, director of payment innovation at WellPoint, Inc., discusses the four goals for furthering care coordination in the medical neighborhood.

The care compact isn’t intended to solve all the world’s problems. We know it’s not going to make care coordination perfect, but it’s a starting point. Just like the PCMH provides a foundation for the medical neighborhood, the care compacts provide a foundation for care coordination between practices. It’s an essential starting point to further care coordination expectations across the medical neighborhood.

First, with the care compact, we’re helping the pilot practices by identifying the PCPs they can collaborate with to put care compacts in place. We’re playing connector for these two practices.

Second, we’re assessing the current care coordination capabilities of the specialist practices in the pilot and looking at where they’re starting from in terms of care coordination.

Third, we’re watching them customize the care compact and monitoring how they adapt it to their practice needs so we can come up with a stronger template at the end of this pilot than we started with that guides this last point.

Finally, we’re going to disseminate best practices throughout the process to all participants in the pilot. Everyone will benefit from the hard work of each participating practice.

Excerpted from Care Compacts in the Medical Neighborhood: Transforming PCP-Specialist Care Coordination.

8 Challenges to Medical Home Success

August 21st, 2014 by Cheryl Miller

"The reality of today is that the healthcare world as we know it is changing more than any time since the advent of Medicare," says Dr. Terry McGeeney, director of BDC Advisors. System coordination, patient-centeredness and patient engagement are some of the new industry goals, he says, which bring new challenges, chief among them being physician reluctance to change.

  • First, there are some real challenges to making the changes to patient-centered medical homes (PCMHs). A lot of physicians are reluctant to change. Physicians have been trained to be change-averse and variable-averse to avoid making mistakes at two o’clock in the morning, etc.
  • Second, physician leadership and physician champions are critical, and again, sometimes this has to be trained and taught.
  • Third, there’s a culture that is very traditional in healthcare; we need to think and talk about that. There is also a culture within individual practices and health systems that creates barriers to successful transformation.
  • Fourth, some providers are not able to function effectively in a team environment and this needs to be supported and transformed with the appropriate training provided.
  • Fifth, communication is critical at multiple levels. Successful medical neighborhoods and clinically integrated neighborhoods (CINs) are built around communication, care plans, care that’s delivered, data, quality metrics, lab data, etc.
  • Sixth, there has to be trust between all of the entities as systems are transforming and payor data becomes more critical. Partnerships with payors around shared savings or shared risk are becoming more common. Trust is critical, and again, that hasn’t always existed.
  • Seventh, we need to make sure there are aligned incentives; you can’t ask people to do more work for the same compensation. You can’t ask them to assume more risk for the same compensation. Incentives need to be aligned around what is now called ‘value-proposition’ or ‘pay-for-value,’ or to where there is an expectation to improve quality and lower cost.
  • And finally, there needs to be full recognition that PCMH transformation is not easy. It’s very difficult, it’s time consuming, but at the end it’s highly rewarding.

value-based reimbursement
Terry McGeeney, MD, MBA, is a director at BDC Advisors. He was recently appointed a visiting scholar in Economic Studies for the Brookings Institute in Washington, D.C.

Source: Driving Value-Based Reimbursement with Integrated Care Models

Home Visits for the High-Risk: Targets, Timelines and Training

July 29th, 2014 by Patricia Donovan

Many patient-centered medical home (PCMH) initiatives have added home visits to care transition management to reduce avoidable hospital readmissions and ER utilization. Jessica Simo, program manager with Durham Community Health Network for the Duke Division of Community Health, describes likely candidates for home visits, the structure of a typical home visit and recommended staff training.

HIN: Which diagnosis or patient profile benefits most from a home visit?

(Jessica Simo) As a general rule for the patient population we serve, the people who get the most home visits are middle-aged individuals with at least two chronic health conditions. These are not generally healthy individuals who had one adverse event that brought them to our attention. These are people living day in and day out with chronic health problems they struggle with managing. Those people benefit the most from the amount of time it takes to do a home visit.

HIN: What is the average length and typical format of a home visit?

(Jessica Simo) The average home visit lasts 45-60 minutes. It would be longer for the initial home visit when an assessment is being done—where the Care Partner (a partnering stakeholder from across the Duke University health system and the Durham community) collects information for the first time about medications the patient takes, their sources of support, ADL deficits, etc. Those visits tend to be a bit longer, certainly an hour at a minimum, but once that rapport has been established, the weekly visits are often less than an hour. They become briefer as a patient transitions from phase one to phase two of the Care Partners Pathway because there is less to talk about at that point. This is a good thing; it means they are improving.

The home visits are structured around assessments and protocols, but as the home visits progress and the care partner becomes more familiar with the patient, there is less reliance on assessments and more on follow-up from the previous week.

HIN: How do you prepare and train staff to conduct home visits?

(Jessica Simo) The best way to prepare somebody to do home visits is to have them shadow a more experienced staff person. There are too many independent variables at play when you go into somebody’s home and you just don’t have control over that environment. Nor should you. It’s impossible to anticipate every possible scenario. Therefore, we do a lot of shadowing for at least a month before someone does a home visit on their own.

Excerpted from: Home Visit Handbook: Structure, Assessments and Protocols for Medically Complex Patients

4 Ways to Pinpoint High-Risk, High-Cost Candidates for Case Management

June 24th, 2014 by Patricia Donovan

case management patients

Doctors don't always know when their patients are in the hospital.

Providers in a physician practice are a good starting point for case managers to identify high-risk or high-cost patients for case management, explains Annette Watson, RN-BC, CCM, MBA, senior VP of community transformation for Taconic Professional Resources (TPR).

The process of identifying high-risk, high-cost patients can be formal or informal. You can use internal sources; when TPR goes in, that is one of the baselines of understanding. We understand who the patients are and what the population is, because if they have not been using data or have not been in an Advanced Primary Care initiative, it is highly unlikely the practice will have a quantitative method in place when we arrive.

We begin by asking the practice providers who the sickest patients are. Second, we can use data available at the practice level, such as registries or reports that can be run from the EHR.

Third, we also look at the kind of data they get from external sources. For example, do they receive reports from payors that show some utilization activity? Many of those reports may be somewhat aged. They are not necessarily timely, which raises actionability questions. However, we found there are reports coming out from payors, particularly about recent ER use or hospital discharges, that are more timely, which allow the practices to look at data—still retrospectively in most cases but much more quickly than they were able to in the past.

And finally, hospital admission and discharge information is important. Depending on the model in a PCP, if a physician is not the admitting physician— that is, if the admission is from a specialist, hospitalist, or through the ER—it cannot be assumed the PCP has the admission and discharge information.

People may think physicians know about their patients being in the hospital, but that is not always the case.

(Note: Taconic Professional Resources offers professional training and practice optimization to organizations aspiring to become a patient-centered medical home and/or join a medical neighborhood.)

Excerpted from: Advancing Primary Care with Embedded Case Management: Lessons from the Taconic IPA Pilot

HINfographic: 10 Things to Know About Patient-Centered Medical Homes in 2014

June 23rd, 2014 by Jackie Lyons

Having established a firm foundation over two decades of patient-centered care, the patient-centered medical home (PCMH) model is poised for renovation, expanding into medical neighborhoods and opening the door to specialists' enhanced role in care coordination, according to a new infographic from the Healthcare Intelligence Network.

This HINfographic presents 10 metrics documented by HIN's seventh PCMH survey in March 2014, including the rise in medical homes, involvement of remote care management and case management, biggest challenges, future outlooks and more.

Want to know more about patient-centered medical homes? 2014 Healthcare Benchmarks: The Patient-Centered Medical Home, a 40-page report now in its seventh year, is designed to meet business and planning needs of physician practices, clinics, health plans, managed care organizations, hospitals and others by providing critical benchmarks in medical home implementation and results.

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Clinical Health Coaching Transforms Care Conversation

May 27th, 2014 by Patricia Donovan

Evidence-based health coaching drives the population health management processes required to succeed in a value-based system—the industry's quantum shift to 'Healthcare 3.0,' advises William Applegate, executive director of the Iowa Chronic Care Consortium.

How do we change to this Healthcare 3.0? One way is to create real patients that are in patient-centered medical homes. NCQA level three medical home recognition is great, but there are still a number of those medical homes that need to add 'meat and potatoes' to what they have achieved.

Next, we need to build a true population health capacity. We need to develop differentiated health teams. You can’t really create a robust health coach as a professional in an organization and then not change the position description of others. The trained clinical health coach can actually improve the ability of a physician to operate at the highest level of their license. That’s part of how a health coach fits into a healthcare team. It’s not just an addition. It’s a kind of reformation of how we’re approaching healthcare with patients.

You need to use trained performance health coaches to make this shift. And you need to activate patients towards self-care. And as I say over and over, we really need to inspire their own accountability.

There are two big features in transforming care. One is transforming the conversation, and the other one is transforming the care process. In transforming the conversation, we need to employ a performance-oriented health coaching. That’s more than motivational interviewing.

We need to rely on the science of behavior change. An awful lot of healthcare professionals deep down don’t believe that we can move individual behaviors. I don’t think we can change people’s lives dramatically. But we certainly can change some of their health outcomes, because we know that our chronic diseases are essentially learned; they’re exacerbated by things that we do to ourselves.

Excerpted from: Evidence-Based Health Coaching: Patient-Centered Competencies for Population Health