Archive for the ‘Medicare’ Category

Infographic: Advancing Medicare and Medicaid Integration

December 18th, 2017 by Melanie Matthews

There are more than 11 million individuals who receive services from both Medicare and Medicaid. State policymakers and their federal and health plan partners are increasingly seeking opportunities to improve Medicare-Medicaid integration for these dually eligible beneficiaries, according to a new infographic by the Center for Health Care Strategies.

The infographic explores the reasons to integrate care for dually-eligible individuals; features of effective programs; and factors influencing state investment in integrated care.

Dual Eligibles Care and Service Planning: Integrative Approaches for the Medicare-Medicaid PopulationTo locate, stratify and engage dual eligibles, Health Care Services Corporation (HCSC) takes a creative approach, employing everything from home visits to ‘street case management’ to coordinate care for Medicare-Medicaid beneficiaries.

Dual Eligibles Care and Service Planning: Integrative Approaches for the Medicare-Medicaid Population describes HCSC’s innovative tactics to engage this largely older adult and disabled population in population health management with support from a range of community partners and services.

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From Last Place, Bronx Communities Now Prize Culture of Health

December 7th, 2017 by Patricia Donovan

Barely eight years ago, the Bronx landed at the very bottom of the first county health rankings issued by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) —the least healthy of 62 New York counties, to be exact.

It didn’t help that as a borough, the Bronx topped a few other lists compiled by New York officials, including the highest prevalence of obesity and diabetes and the top consumers of sugary drinks.

Rather than discourage this diverse borough, however, these rankings galvanized residents and a number of Bronx organizations, including the Bronx Institute of Health, to partner and examine facets of community life to see where health might be improved. Under the hash tag and rallying cry of #Not62, the coalition’s reach has extended into Bronx schools, housing and even local food stores known as bodegas as it attempts to reimagine and enhance community health.

During Innovative Community-Clinical Partnerships: Reducing Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities through Community Transformation, a November 2017 webcast now available for rebroadcast, Charmaine Ruddock, project director, Bronx Health REACH, charted the path to some of the innovative community health partnerships forged by her organization.

Formed in 1999 with a grant from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Bronx Health REACH (shorthand for “racial and ethnic approaches to community health”) is charged with eliminating racial and ethnic disparities in health outcomes, particularly those related to diabetes and heart disease, in Bronx populations. Since its inception, Bronx Health REACH has grown from five to more than 70 community-based organizations, schools, healthcare providers, faith-based institutions, housing, social service agencies and others.

“Those founding partners were particularly concerned that Bronx Health REACH not be seen as a program per se, but as a catalyst for creating a movement around health and well-being in the community,” explained Ms. Ruddock.

From early focus groups, Bronx Health REACH determined that community members not only felt disrespected by the healthcare system, but also powerless to advocate on their own behalf for better services. Those findings helped to shape the Bronx Health REACH mission and subsequent efforts.

Outreach began at the organizational level, such as examining the way a local church provided meals at church events. The coalition brainstormed ways to prepare those meals in a healthier manner, supplementing the church’s work with nutrition training that quickly spread throughout the faith community. From there, the program applied that approach to the food offered during school meals and via vending machines, and eventually within the local food retail environment, which consists principally of bodegas.

Today, the scope of Bronx Health REACH is broad, encompassing street safety, physical activity and overall wellness, among other areas. Its early work with bodegas has grown from demonstrations and tastings of healthy foods to the formation of a Bronx bodega work group and a new Healthy Bodegas marketing initiative. It has engaged farmers’ markets in its objective of increasing healthier food options. To that end, healthcare providers now issue “prescriptions” for fruits and vegetables that are accompanied by ten-dollar coupons.

The transformation is visible in the community, Ms. Ruddock notes. Today, some previously padlocked playgrounds are open; murals by visiting artists that adorn the walls of local housing are left alone for all to enjoy.

However, a great deal of work remains. “We have given ourselves as a goal that by 2020, we will establish a multi-sector infrastructure working with housing groups, economic development groups, and others as the first step in addressing many of the health-related factors and issues,” explained Ms. Ruddock.

But for now, the enthusiasm and contributions of Bronx residents have not gone unrewarded. In 2015, just five years after receiving its disappointing health ranking, the Bronx was one of eight recipients of the RWJF’s Culture of Health prize. The prize is awarded to communities that work to ensure residents have the opportunity to live longer, healthier and more productive lives.

Listen to Charmaine Ruddock explain how early findings from focus groups helped to shape Bronx Health REACH initiatives.

Infographic: Medicare Costs

December 6th, 2017 by Melanie Matthews

Beneficiaries in Original Medicare spent an average of $5,680 on healthcare in 2013. Half of all beneficiaries spent at least 17 percent of their income on their health, according to a new infographic by the AARP.

The infographic breaks down where Medicare beneficiaries spend their healthcare dollars and how age and health status impact spending.

Medicare Chronic Care Management Billing: Evidence-Based Workflows to Maximize CCM RevenueSince the January 2015 rollout by CMS of new chronic care management (CCM) codes, many physician practices have been slow to engage in CCM.

Arcturus Healthcare, however, rapidly grasped the potential of CCM to improve patient outcomes while generating care coordination revenue, estimating it could earn up to $100,000 monthly for qualified patients treated in its four physician practices—or $1 million a year.

Medicare Chronic Care Management Billing: Evidence-Based Workflows to Maximize CCM Revenue traces the incorporation of CCM into Arcturus Healthcare’s existing care management efforts for high-risk patients, as well as the bonus that resulted from CCM code adoption: increased engagement and improved relationships with CCM patients.

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Community Health Partnerships Can Change the Culture of Poverty: 2017 Benchmarks

November 28th, 2017 by Patricia Donovan

Community health partnerships address unmet needs, providing services related to transportation, housing, nutrition and behavioral health.

For residents of some locales, community health partnerships (CHP) —alliances between healthcare providers and local organizations to address unmet needs—can mean the difference between surviving and thriving, according to new CHP metrics from the Healthcare Intelligence Network (HIN).

“We could not survive without community partnerships. Our patients thrive because of them. They are critical to help change the culture of poverty that remains in our community,” noted a respondent to HIN’s 2017 survey on Community Health Partnerships.

Partnerships can also mean the difference between housing and homelessness. According to the survey, more than a quarter of community health partnerships (26 percent) address environmental and social determinants of health (SDOH) like housing and transportation that can have a deleterious effect on population health.

“To date, we have housed 49 families/individuals who were formally homeless or near homelessness,” added another respondent.

“Social health determinants are more important than ever to managing care,” said another. “Community health partnerships make a big impact when it comes to rounding out care.”

Motivated to improve population health, healthcare providers are joining forces with community groups such food banks, schools and faith-based organizations to bridge care gaps and deliver needed services. The majority of community health partnerships are designed to improve access to healthcare, say 70 percent of survey respondents.

Eighty-one organizations shared details on community health partnerships, which range from collaborating with a local food bank to educate food pantries on diabetes to the planting of community gardens to launching an asthma population health management program for students.

Seventy-one percent conduct a community health needs assessment (CHNA) to identify potential areas for local health partnerships. Priority candidates for 36 percent of these partnerships are high-risk populations, defined as those having two or more chronic medical conditions.

Overall, the survey found that 95 percent of respondents have initiated community health partnerships, with half of those remaining preparing to launch partnerships in the coming year.

Other community health partnership metrics identified by the 2017 survey include the following:

  • Local organizations such as food banks top the list of community health partners, say 79 percent.
  • The population health manager typically has primary responsibility for community health partnerships forged by 30 percent of respondents.
  • Foundations are the chief funding source for services offered through community health partnerships, say 23 percent. However, funding remains the chief barrier to community health partnerships, say 41 percent.
  • Forty-five percent have forged community health partnerships to enhance behavioral health services.
  • Two-thirds attributed increases in clinical outcomes and quality of care to community health partnerships.
  • Forty-four percent reported a drop in hospital ER visits after launching community health partnerships.

Download an executive summary of results from the 2017 Community Health Partnerships survey.

4 Ways CMS 2018 Quality Payment Program Supports ‘Patients Over Paperwork’ Pledge

November 6th, 2017 by Patricia Donovan

“Patients Over Paperwork” is committed to removing regulatory obstacles that get in the way of providers spending time with patients.

Year 2 of the CMS Quality Payment Program promises continued flexibility and reduced provider burden, according to the program’s final rule with comment issued by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) last week.

The Quality Payment Program (QPP), established by the Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act of 2015 (MACRA), is a quality payment incentive program for physicians and other eligible clinicians that rewards value and outcomes in one of two ways: through the Merit-based Incentive Payment System (MIPS) and Advanced Alternative Payment Models (APMs).

A QPP Year 2 fact sheet issued by CMS highlights 2018 changes for providers under the QPP’s MIPS and APM tracks. The Year 2 fact sheet noted that stakeholder feedback helped to shape policies for QPP Year 2, and that  “CMS is continuing many of its transition year policies while introducing modest changes.”

In keeping with the federal payor’s recently launched “Patients Over Paperwork” initiative, QPP Year 2 reflects the following changes:

    • More options for small practices (groups of 15 or fewer clinicians). Options include exclusions for individual MIPS-eligible clinicians or groups with less than or equal to $90,000 in Part B allowed charges or less than or equal to 200 Part B beneficiaries, opportunities to earn additional points, and the choice to form or join a virtual group.
    • Addresses extreme and uncontrollable circumstances, such as hurricanes and other natural disasters, for both the 2017 transition year and the 2018 MIPS performance period, by offering hardship exception applications and limited exemptions.
    • Includes virtual groups as another participation option for Year 2. A virtual group is a combination of two more taxpayer identification numbers (TINs) made up of solo practitioners and groups of 10 or fewer eligible clinicians who come together ‘virtually’ (no matter specialty or location) to participate in MIPS for a performance period of a year. A CMS Virtual Groups Toolkit provides more information, including the election process to become a virtual group.
    • Makes it easier for clinicians to qualify for incentive payments by participating in Advanced APMs that begin or end in the middle of a year. Updated QPP policies for 2018 further encourage and reward participation in APMs in Medicare.
  • CMS describes its Patients Over Paperwork effort as “a cross-cutting, collaborative process that evaluates and streamlines regulations with a goal to reduce unnecessary burden, increase efficiencies and improve the beneficiary experience. This effort emphasizes a commitment to removing regulatory obstacles that get in the way of providers spending time with patients.”

    2016 ACO Results: Majority of Next Generation and Pioneer ACOs Earn Shared Savings

    October 20th, 2017 by Patricia Donovan

    Six of eight Pioneer ACOs and eleven of eighteen Next Generation ACOs earned shared savings in separate initiatives in 2016, according to newly released quality and financial data from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS).

    In 2016 Performance Year Five of the Pioneer ACO program, one of several new accountable care organization (ACO) payment and service delivery models introduced by CMS to serve a range of provider organizations, only Monarch HealthCare and Partners HealthCare were not among shared savings earners.

    Banner Health Network emerged as the top 2016 Pioneer ACO performer, earning nearly $11 million in shared savings based on care provided to its more than 42,000 beneficiaries.

    In order to receive savings or owe losses in a given year, Pioneer ACO expenditures must be outside a minimum corridor set by the ACO’s minimum savings rate (MSR) and minimum loss rate (MLR).

    The Pioneer ACO model is designed for healthcare organizations and providers already experienced in coordinating care for patients across care settings. It allowed these provider groups to move more rapidly from a shared savings payment model to a population-based payment model on a track consistent with but separate from the Medicare Shared Savings Program (MSSP).

    The Pioneer ACO Model began with 32 ACOs in 2012 and concluded December 31, 2016 with eight ACOs participating.

    Meanwhile, at the conclusion of 2016 Performance Year One of the Next Generation ACO model, Baroma, Triad and Iowa Health topped the list of ACO earners in this program, with each organization accumulating more than $10 million shared savings.

    Building upon experience from the Pioneer ACO Model and the Medicare Shared Savings Program, CMS’s Next Generation ACO Model sets predictable financial targets, enables providers and beneficiaries greater opportunities to coordinate care, and aims to attain the highest quality standards of care.

    According to a CMS fact sheet, 18 ACOs participated in the Next Generation ACO Model for the 2016 performance year, and 28 ACOs are joining the Model for 2017, bringing the total number of Next Generation ACOs to 45. The Next Generation ACO Model will consist of three initial performance years and two optional one-year extensions.

    CMS’s ACO models are one of seven Innovation categories designed to incentivize healthcare providers to become accountable for a patient population and to invest in infrastructure and redesigned care processes that provide for coordinated care, high quality and efficient service delivery.

    Cityblock Health to Open First ‘Neighborhood Health Hub’ for Underserved Urban Populations in NYC

    October 6th, 2017 by Patricia Donovan

    Cityblock Health neighborhood health hubs for underserved urban populations: “Where health and community converge.”

    Cityblock Health expects to open its first community-based clinic for underserved urban populations, known as a neighborhood health hub, in New York City in 2018, according to a Medium post this week by Cityblock Health Co-Founder and CEO Iyah Romm.

    Cityblock Health is a spinout of Sidewalk Labs focused on the root causes of health for underserved urban populations. Sidewalk Labs is an Alphabet company focused on accelerating urban innovation.

    The neighborhood health hub, where members can connect with care teams and access services, is one of several key member benefits outlined on the Cityblock Health web site. Other advantages include a personalized care team available 24/7, a personalized technology-supported Member Action Plan (MAP), and a designated Community Health Partner to help members navigate all aspects of their care.

    According to Romm, who brings a decade of healthcare experience to the initiative, the neighborhood hubs will be designed as visible, physical meeting spaces where health and community converge. Caregivers, members, and local organizations will use the hubs to engage with each other and address the many factors that affect health at the local level, Romm said.

    For example, Cityblock Health states it will offer members rides to the hub if needed. Transportation, care access, and finances are among multiple social determinants of health that drive health outcomes, particularly for populations in urban areas.

    Where possible, the hubs will be built within existing, trusted spaces operated by its partners and staffed with local hires, he added. Cityblock envisions offering a range health, educational, and social events, including support groups and fitness classes.

    The hubs are part of Cityblock Health’s larger vision to provide Medicaid and lower-income Medicare beneficiaries access to high-value, readily available personalized health services in a collaborative, team-based model, Romm explained in his post. The organization will partner with community-based organizations, health plans, and provider organizations to reconfigure the delivery of health and social services and apply “leading-edge care models that fully integrate primary care, behavioral health, and social services.”

    Three key health inequities related to underserved urban populations motivated the formation of Cityblock Health: disproportionately poor health outcomes, interventions coming much later in the care continuum, and the significantly higher cost of interventions in urban areas as compared to other populations.

    Cityblock Health will use its custom-built technology to enhance strong relationships between members and care teams, while simultaneously empowering and incentivizing the health system to do better, he added.

    18 Success Strategies from Seasoned Healthcare Case Managers for New Hires

    September 14th, 2017 by Patricia Donovan

    Advice from case management trenches: “Don’t do more work for your patient than they are willing to do for themselves.”

    What does it take to succeed as a healthcare case manager? For starters, patience, flexibility and mastery of motivational interviewing, say veterans from case management trenches.

    As part of its 2017 Healthcare Benchmarks Survey on Case Management, the Healthcare Intelligence Network asked experienced case managers what guidance they would offer to new hires in the field. Respondents were thoughtful and generous with their advice, highlights of which are shared here.

    It’s important to note that in total, a half dozen veterans identified motivational interviewing as an essential case management skill.

    We hope you find these tips useful. We invite all experienced case managers to add your tips in the Comments below.

    • “It’s hard work but satisfying. It takes a good year to get all resources and process, so don’t give up.”
    • “Learn the integrated case management model and get ongoing coaching in motivational interviewing.”
    • “Listen, think, develop, coordinate, adhere to plan benefits, and be honest.”
    • “Communicating and developing a relationship with members are key.”
    • “Be aware of and utilize telemedicine.”
    • “Be prepared to help patients with non-medical matters. Develop a trust bond, almost as a family member, and your medical-focused concerns will be that much easier to handle.”
    • “Always remain flexible. Listen and meet the patient where they are at in their disease and life process.”
    • “Understand both the clinical and financial impacts of healthcare on the patient.”
    • “Establish a good working relationship with your manager. Ensure you understand job expectations and identify a mentor.”
    • “Time management is crucial.”
    • “Stay visible within the practice; interact regularly with the care team; share examples of success stories.”
    • “Compassion and empathy are a must.”
    • “Don’t become overwhelmed by all that needs to be learned. Strive for sure and steady progress in gaining the knowledge needed.”
    • “Don’t let a fear of the unknown hold you back. Learn all that you can.”
    • “Get a good understanding of the population of patients you are working with. Study motivational interviewing and harm reduction.”
    • “This is a wide body of knowledge. Each case is different. It takes six months to a year to be fully comfortable in the practice.”
    • “Establish boundaries with your patients, and don’t do more work for your patient than they are willing to do for themselves.”
    • “Earn the trust of your patients and providers. LISTEN to your patients.”

    One respondent geared her advice to case management hiring managers:

    • “Hire for coaching mentality and chronic disease experience.”

    Excerpted From: 2017 Healthcare Benchmarks: Case Management

    2017 case management benchmarks

    2017 Healthcare Benchmarks: Case Management provides actionable information from 78 healthcare organizations on the role of case management in the healthcare continuum, from targeted populations and conditions to the advantages and challenges of embedded case management to CM hiring and evaluation standards. Assessment of case management ROI and impact on key care components are also provided.

    SDOH Video: Tackling the Social, Economic and Environmental Factors That Shape Health

    September 7th, 2017 by Patricia Donovan

    Initiatives such as CMS’ Accountable Health Communities Model and other population health platforms encourage healthcare organizations to tackle the broad range of social, economic and environmental factors known as social determinants of health (SDOH) that shape an individual’s health.

    This video from the Healthcare Intelligence Network highlights how healthcare organizations address SDOH factors, based on benchmarks from HIN’s 2017 Social Determinants of Health Survey.

     

     

    Source: 2017 Healthcare Benchmarks: Social Determinants of Health

    SDOH benchmarks

    2017 Healthcare Benchmarks: Social Determinants of Health documents the efforts of more than 140 healthcare organizations to assess social, economic and environmental factors in patients and to begin to redesign care management to account for these factors. These metrics are compiled from responses to the February 2017 Social Determinants of Health survey by the Healthcare Intelligence Network.

    Infographic: Medicare Advantage Member Satisfaction Rankings

    August 23rd, 2017 by Melanie Matthews

    Kaiser Permanente ranks highest in Medicare Advantage member satisfaction for the third consecutive year. Kaiser outperforms all other plans across five of the six factors that comprise the overall satisfaction index, according to a new infographic by J.D. Power.

    The study, now in its third year, measures member satisfaction with Medicare Advantage plans—also called Medicare Part C or Part D—based on six factors (in order of importance): coverage and benefits (25%); customer service (19%); claims processing (15%); cost (14%); provider choice (14%); and information and communication (12%).

    The infographic examines satisfaction indexes for Kaiser and nine additional Medicare Advantage plans.

    Medicare is now reimbursing physician practices for select Chronic Care Management (CCM) services not previously eligible for reimbursement, underscoring the vital role of care management in primary care.

    Physician Reimbursement for Chronic Care Management: Identifying New Practice Revenue Opportunities offers practical guidance to prepare physician practices to maximize CCM reimbursement in the year ahead.

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