Archive for the ‘Hospital Readmissions’ Category

Infographic: Transitional Care Management

March 13th, 2017 by Melanie Matthews

Transitional Care ManagementMedicare's billing codes for Transitional Care Management (TCM) highlight the importance of timely post-discharge contact with patients by provider offices, and timely face-to-face follow up and evaluation by TCM providers. Incorporating automated patient communications can facilitate efficient and effective handoffs, and support a consistent track of care to help providers earn TCM reimbursements and avoid hospital readmission penalties, according to a new infographic by West Healthcare.

The infographic looks at the financial impact of reducing readmission penalties and examines how automated patient communications can improve care transitions.

A Leading Care Transitions Model: Addressing Social Health Determinants Through Targeted Home VisitsSun Health, an Arizona non-profit organization, launched its Sun Health Care Transitions program in November 2011. Modeled after the Coleman Care Transitions Intervention® and adapted to meet the needs of its community, the program has been credited with keeping readmission rates well below the national average.

Sun Health's program was part of the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services' National Demonstration Program, Community-Based Care Transitions Program, which ended in January. Not only did Sun Health lead the CMS demonstration project with the lowest readmission rates, Sun Health also widened the gap between their expected 30-day readmission rate (56 percent lower than expected) and their expected 90-day readmission rate (60 percent less than expected).

During A Leading Care Transitions Model: Addressing Social Health Determinants Through Targeted Home Visits, a March 23, 2017 webinar at 1:30 p.m. Eastern, Jennifer Drago, FACHE, executive vice president, population health, Sun Health, will share the key features of the care transitions program, along with the critical, unique elements that lead to its success.

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In Care Coordination of Medically Vulnerable Homeless Patients, Housing is a Form of Healthcare

January 17th, 2017 by Patricia Donovan

Chronic Care Plus recuperative care reduced ER visits by homeless patients by 84 percent, and avoided nearly $3 million in medical costs.

Most patients discharged from the hospital ultimately return to a secure home environment. Not so for homeless or unstably housed patients; disconnected from healthcare and their community, their lack of stable housing compounds their medical difficulties following a hospital stay.

Enter Chronic Care Plus (CCP), a safety net recuperative care program in California whose mission is to bridge this gap between hospital discharge and permanent supportive housing for homeless patients, or "Joes," as Illumination Foundation Founder and CEO Paul Leon characterized his client profile during a recent presentation.

"I'm sure you can identify the 'Joes' in your neighborhood," Leon told participants during Intensive Care Coordination for Healthcare Super Utilizers: Community Collaborations Stabilize Medically Vulnerable Homeless Patients, a December 2016 webinar now available for replay. "They've come into the ER but are never quite connected with either a federally qualified health clinic (FQHC), your own hospital clinic or any available resources in your community."

The CCP program not only provides housing for recently discharged homeless or unstably housed individuals in model or dormitory-like settings but also reconnects them to the healthcare continuum. The program then wraps clients in a plethora of services, including housing placement, financial literacy, job placement, transportation and behavioral health support.

Back in 2008, Leon's organization was one of only about seven in the nation to provide recuperative care (also known as medical respite care). Recuperative care is care to homeless persons recovering from an acute illness or injury, no longer in need of acute care but unable to sustain recovery if living on the street or other unsuitable place, Leon explained. Today there are about 80 such programs in the United States.

Since then, his foundation created standards and best practices, and in 2013 launched CCP—"recuperative care on steroids, with tightly wrapped social services and a longer length of stay," Leon explained.

Originating as an ED diversion pilot aimed at 20 of the highest users of a local hospital ER, CCP has transformed discharge planning for the homeless and has served more than 2,500 patients since its inception.

During the presentation, Leon shared a host of program analytics, including recuperative care criteria client demographics and CCP statistics on medical, behavioral health, housing and other services provided. He also shared CCP's future plans, and some of the program's barriers and challenges, including medical management education and closing gaps in social services.

In terms of program outcomes, CCP has amassed significant savings as it closes gaps in care and reduces healthcare utilization, including 322 fewer ER visits by this population (a 84.3 percent decrease) and $2.8 million in medical cost avoidance at three participating hospitals.

"For Orange County hospitals as a total, we estimate that there was $5.2 million of savings," added John Kim, grants director of the Illumination Foundation. "If we compare the year prior on an annualized cost basis, that comes to over $7 million of savings to Orange County hospitals."

Click here for an interview with Paul Leon on Chronic Care Plus's challenges and lessons learned as it connects its medically vulnerable homeless to social services.

Guest Post: Care Transitions Are Susceptible To Breakdowns; Technology-Enabled Patient Outreach Offers Clarity and Improved Outcomes

November 15th, 2016 by Chuck Hayes, vice president of product management for TeleVox Solutions, West Corporation

Technology-Enabled Patient Touchpoints Post-Discharge

A surprisingly simple way to improve care transitions is to reach out to patients within a few days of hopsital discharge automatically with the help of technology.

Transitional care's inherently complex nature makes it susceptible to breakdowns. During care transitions there are many moving parts to coordinate, patients are vulnerable, and healthcare failures are more likely to occur. For these reasons, transitional care is a growing area of concern for hospital administrators and other healthcare leaders.

Errors that happen at pivotal points in care, like during a hospital discharge or transfer from one facility to another, can have serious consequences. Fortunately, strengthening communication and engaging patients can effectively solve many of the problems that transpire during care transitions.

When patients' needs go unmet after being discharged from the hospital, the risk of those individuals being readmitted is high. Around 20 percent of Medicare patients discharged from the hospital return within a month. CMS has taken several steps to try to improve transition care and minimize breakdowns that lead to hospital readmissions. Under the government's Hospital Readmissions Reduction Plan (HRRP), hospitals can be assigned penalties for unintentional and avoidable readmissions related to conditions like heart attacks, heart failure, pneumonia, COPD, and elective hip or knee replacement surgeries.

Between October 2016 and September 2017, Medicare will withhold more than $500 million in payments from hospitals that incurred penalties based on readmission rates. These penalties affect about half of the hospitals in the United States.

Not only are payment penalties problematic, but because readmissions rates are published on Medicare's Hospital Compare website, public opinion is also worrisome for hospitals with a high number of readmissions.

A surprisingly simple way to prevent patients from returning to the hospital is to reach out to them within a few days of discharge. Outreach can be done automatically with the help of technology. For example, with little effort, hospitals can send automated messages prompting patients to complete a touchtone survey. A survey that asks patients whether they are experiencing pain–and whether or not they have been taking prescribed medications–provides good insight about the likelihood of them returning to the hospital. It also allows hospitals to respond to issues sooner rather than later.

Medical teams know that patients are particularly vulnerable during the 30 days following a hospital discharge. Leveraging technology-enabled engagement communications multiple times, in multiple ways throughout that month-long window is a good strategy for improving post-discharge transitions. Whether that involves reminding a patient about a follow-up appointment, asking them to submit a reading from a home monitoring device, verifying that they are tolerating their medication, or communicating about something else, it is important to have plans in place to initiate an intervention if necessary.

For example, if a patient indicates that they are experiencing side effects or symptoms that warrant examination by a doctor, a hospital team member should escalate the situation and help coordinate an appointment for the patient. Recognizing problems is one component of improving care transitions, responding to them is another.

Imagine a patient has recently been released from the hospital after having a heart attack. The patient was given three new prescriptions for medications to take. He may have questions about when and how to take the medications or whether they can be taken in combination with a previous prescription. Hospital staff can use technology-enabled communications to coordinate with the patient's primary care doctor and pharmacy to ensure the patient has all the information they need to safely and correctly follow medication instructions. The hospital can also survey the patient to find out if he is having difficulty with medication or other discharge instructions, and learn what services or interventions might be beneficial. Following that, a care manager can provide phone support to answer questions.

Fewer than half of patients say they're confident that they understand the instructions of how to care for themselves after discharge. Without some sort of additional support, what will happen to those patients? In the past, hospitals may have felt that patient experiences outside the walls of their facility were not their concern. But that has changed.

Care transitions are exactly that–transitions. They are changes, but not end points. Hospitals should foster a culture that recognizes and supports the idea that care does not end at discharge. It continues, just in a different way. When patients physically leave a hospital, the manner in which care is delivered needs to progress. Rather than delivering care in person, healthcare organizations can support patients via outreach communications. The degree to which that happens impacts how well (or poorly) transitions go for patients.

Improving care transitions is not as daunting as it might seem, particularly for medical teams that use technology-enabled communications to support and engage patients. To ensure patients have the knowledge and resources they need, and that they are acting in ways that will keep them out of the hospital, medical teams must focus on optimizing communications beyond the clinical setting.

About the Author: Chuck Hayes is an advocate for utilizing technology-enabled communications to engage and activate patients beyond the clinical setting. He leads product and solution strategy for West Corporation’s TeleVox Solutions, focusing on working with healthcare organizations of all sizes to better understand how they can leverage technology to solve organizational challenges and goals, improve patient experience, increase engagement and reduce the cost of care. Hayes currently serves as Vice President of Product Management for TeleVox Solutions at West Corporation (www.west.com), where the healthcare mission is to help organizations harness communications to expand the boundaries of where, when, and how healthcare is delivered.

HIN Disclaimer: The opinions, representations and statements made within this guest article are those of the author and not of the Healthcare Intelligence Network as a whole. Any copyright remains with the author and any liability with regard to infringement of intellectual property rights remain with them. The company accepts no liability for any errors, omissions or representations.

Infographic: Optimizing Post-Acute Care

October 17th, 2016 by Melanie Matthews

Seventy-five percent of hospital readmissions are preventable—more than $17 billion annually is wasted due to readmissions within 30 days, according to a new infographic by CareCentrix.

The infographic lists four keys to success in improving post-acute care and reducing readmissions.

Medicare's proposed payment rates and quality programs for skilled nursing facilities (SNFs) for 2017 and beyond solidify post-acute care's (PAC) partnership in the transformation of healthcare delivery. Subsequent to the Improving Medicare Post-Acute Care Transformation Act of 2014 (IMPACT Act), forward-thinking PAC organizations realized the need to rethink patient care—not just in their own facilities but as patients move from hospital to SNF, home health or rehabilitation facility.

Post-Acute Care Trends: Cross-Setting Collaborations to Align Clinical Standards and Provider Demands examines a collaboration between the first URAC-accredited clinically integrated network in the country and one of its partnering PAC providers to map out and enhance a patient's journey through the network continuum—drilling down to improve the quality of the transition from acute to post-acute care.

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‘Connect the Dots’ Transitional Care Boosts ROI by Including Typically Overlooked Populations

October 11th, 2016 by Patricia Donovan

Typically overlooked patient populations do benefit greatly from nurse-directed transitional care management.

Some typically overlooked patient populations do benefit greatly from nurse-directed transitional care management.

Determining early on that transitional care works better for some patients than others, the award-winning Community Care of North Carolina (CCNC) transitional care (TC) program is careful to allocate resource-intensive TC interventions to those patients that would benefit most. Here, Carlos Jackson, Ph.D., CCNC director of program evaluation, explains the benefits of including often-overlooked patients in TC initiatives.

Transitional care must be targeted towards patients with multiple, chronic or catastrophic conditions to optimize your return on investment. These patients are the ones that benefit the most. It’s the 'multiple complex' part that is the key; this includes conditions that are typically overlooked in transitional care, such as behavioral health or cancers.

We may pass over and not focus on these patients in typical transitional care programs, but actually, they do benefit greatly from our nurse-directed transitional care management.

For example, with a cancer population, transitional care keeps them out of the hospital longer. The transitional care is not necessarily preventing or curing the cancer, but it’s helping to connect those dots in a way that keeps them from returning to the hospital. Again, we are also talking about complex patients. This is not just anybody with cancer; this is somebody with cancer and multiple other physical ailments as well.

The same is true for people who come in with a psychiatric condition. Again, we’re talking about a very sick population. For every 100 discharges, without transitional care almost 100 of these patients will go back to the hospital within the next 12 months. That’s almost a 100 percent return to the hospital. But with transitional care, only about 80 percent return to the hospital within the coming year.

This translates to an expected savings of nearly $100,000 just in averted hospitalizations per 100 patients managed. We were able to demonstrate that the aversions happened not only with the non-psychiatric hospitalizations, but also on the psychiatric hospitalizations.

Even though nurse care managers often tend to be siloed, by doing this coordinated ‘connecting the dots’ transitional care, they were able to prevent psychiatric hospitalization. That certainly has implications for capitated behavioral health systems. We don’t want to forget about these individuals.

Source: Home Visits for Clinically Complex Patients: Targeting Transitional Care for Maximum Outcomes and ROI

http://hin.3dcartstores.com/Home-Visits-for-Clinically-Complex-Patients-Targeting-Transitional-Care-for-Maximum-Outcomes-and-ROI_p_5180.html

Home Visits for Clinically Complex Patients: Targeting Transitional Care for Maximum Outcomes and ROI describes the award-winning Community Care of North Carolina (CCNC) transitional care program, how it discerns and manages a priority population for transitional care, and why home visits have risen to the forefront of activities by CCNC transitional care managers.

UPMC: INTERACT Tools Boost Provider Communication in RAVEN Project to Reduce Long-Term Care Hospitalizations

September 6th, 2016 by Patricia Donovan
UPMC reduces long-term care hospitalizations

Even custodial or housekeeping staff can use the INTERACT Stop and Watch tool to record subtle changes in a patient.

The RAVEN (Initiative to Reduce Avoidable Hospitalizations among Nursing Facility Residents) project by the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC), aimed at improving quality of care for people residing in long-term care (LTC) facilities by reducing avoidable hospitalizations, is set to enter phase two in October 2016. Here, April Kane, UPMC's RAVEN project co-director, describes a pair of key resources that have enhanced communication between providers, particularly those at the eighteen nursing homes collaborating with UPMC on the RAVEN project.

Currently INTERACT (Interventions to Reduce Acute Care Transfers) is a quality improvement project and has been funded through Medicare. It is designed to improve the early identification, assessment, documentation, and communication about changes in the status of residents in skilled nursing facilities (SNFs). The goal of INTERACT is to improve care and reduce the frequency of potentially avoidable transfers to the acute hospital. These tools are free online.

INTERACT is used in multiple settings, but in our long-term care setting, we've been primarily encouraging the use of two INTERACT tools. There are a wealth of others. First is the Stop and Watch tool. This is a very easy early detection tool that would be used by members of your nursing home staff, such as nurses aides, custodial or housekeeping staff, and other workers who have a lot of one-on-one engagement with residents.

Using this tool, they may notice subtle changes, such as a patient who isn't as well engaged, who has been eating or drinking a little less, or is not as communicative as they had been before. It's a very easy one-page tool. Sometimes it's a card where they can circle if they're seeing something different, for example, "The resident seems a little different," or "They ate less."

The goal would be to take that tool to either the LPN or the RN in charge of the unit they're working on and say, "You know, I was with Mrs. Smith today. This is what I've been seeing that's a little different with her." That nurse should take that tool, validate its usage and then from there, go in and assess the patient.

If appropriate, they should utilize a second INTERACT tool, SBAR (Situation, Background, Assessment, Recommendation), to provide a more thorough assessment of what is going on and determine if this is a true changing condition. The SBAR allows the nurse to provide feedback to physicians in the very structured format physicians are used to reviewing. This allows them to place all the vitals and information in one place.

When they do make that call to the physician, they're well prepared to update them with what is going on with a particular resident. The physician then feels comfortable in deciding whether to provide further treatment on site or if appropriate, to transfer out to the hospital, depending on that resident's need.

Click here for an interview with April Kane on the value of UPMC's onsite enhanced care coordinators in the RAVEN project.

AMITA Health Connected Care Management: Patients Transitioned But Never Really Discharged

August 23rd, 2016 by Patricia Donovan

Connected care includes AMITA Health front line staff, administrators, physicians, hospital executives and community partners.


Does a health system really need four types of care managers?

When AMITA Health set out to craft an ambulatory care coordination team for its highest-risk Medicare beneficiaries, it realized it didn't.

As part of its thirteen-point plan to revamp care management across its continuum, the newly minted Medicare Shared Savings Program (MSSP) accountable care organization (ACO) reexamined the roles of its navigators, case managers, patient-centered home care managers and ACO care managers, ultimately abandoning its siloed approach in favor of a more human-centric model of care.

"We really needed a better way to care for our patients across the continuum," explained Susan Wickey, vice president, quality and care management at AMITA Health, during Reducing Readmissions and Avoidable Emergency Department Visits Through a Connected Care Management Strategy, an August 2016 webinar now available for replay. "We had to identify and remove those silos, and break down those barriers."

AMITA Health's decision to remake care management was a response to its MSSP program goal of fulfilling the Triple Aim: improving population health and experience of care while fostering appropriate utilization and cost. The initiative in no way devalued care managers' contributions. "Our care coordinators across the continuum serve as our first responders when high risk patients need intervention," said Ms. Wickey.

In the process of improving efficiencies, the nine-hospital system discovered that often, one could be more effective than four.

With help from Phillips Healthcare Consulting Division, AMITA inventoried its care management resources, then created a single centralized care management hub. Communication would occur via a single universal transfer form for each patient, for whom a single care plan would be developed. This power of one echoed throughout the transformation as AMITA restructured processes and programs.

AMITA rolled out the program initially with one unit of patients; today, all nine of AMITA Health's hospitals operate with some component of this enterprise-wide redesign.

"We wanted to be a health system where our patients were transitioned but never really discharged from our healthcare system," explained Ms. Wickey's co-presenter, Dr. Luke Hansen, vice president and chief medical officer, population health for AMITA Health. "We never discharge a patient from our system; rather we transition our patients to the most appropriate setting."

"This collaborative vision of connected care includes all of the front line staff, key administrators, physicians, hospital executives, along with AMITA's community partners," added Ms. Wickey.

In assessing its MSSP experience, Dr. Hansen said access to Medicare claims data enabled AMITA Health to track utilization, a first for the organization. Trends toward lower all-cause readmissions, lower admissions for ambulatory-sensitive conditions and emergency department visits were recorded, he said. And while he can't definitely credit the MSSP for his organization's improved quality scores in recent years, he takes pride in AMITA's achievements of strengthening quality while holding costs relatively stable.

However, improvements have leveled off since 2013, its first MSSP performance year, which frustrates the population health CMO. "As those of you participating in MSSP know, year-over-year improvement is what you need to do to succeed."

"We live that tension between our old models of care delivery, which were very successful for our organization, and new models, which we will have to adopt in a timely way to be successful in the future," concluded Dr. Hansen.

Click here for an audio interview with Dr. Hansen.

Care Transitions Playbook Sets Transfer Rules for Post-Acute Network Members

July 28th, 2016 by Patricia Donovan

St. Vincent's Health Partners best practices care transitions playbook documents more than 140 patient transfer protocols.

St. Vincent's Health Partners best practices care transitions playbook documents more than 140 patient transfer protocols.

A primary tool for Saint Vincent’s Health Partners Post-Acute Network is a playbook documenting more than 140 transitions for patients traveling from one care setting to another, including the elements of each transition and ways network members should hold each other accountable during the move. Here, Colleen Swedberg, MSN, RN, CNL, director of care coordination and integration for St. Vincent’s Health Partners, explains the playbook's data collection process and information storage and describes a typical care transition entry.

The playbook is made up of several sections, including one with current expectations, based on the Michigan Quality Improvement Consortium, which we can review online. From an evidence-based point of view, they’ve listed the evidence for many common conditions patients are seen for in medical management. This is kept up to date. This is an electronic document stored on our Web site that can only be accessed by individuals subscribed to the network. We’ve also put this on flash drives for various partners.

A second section contains actual metrics for any network contracts. The metrics appear in such a way that the highest standard is included. For example, physician providers, as long as they provide the highest level of care in the metric, can be sure they’re meeting all the metrics. Those metrics are based on HEDIS® standards.

The third section is the transition section, laid out in two to three pages. For example, a patient moves from the hospital inpatient setting to a skilled nursing facility, such as Jewish Senior Services. For that transition, the playbook documents all the necessary tools for that patient: a personal health record, a medication list, whatever is needed. Also included is any communication with the primary care physician, if that provider has been identified. Finally, this section identifies the responsibility of the sending setting—in this case, the hospital inpatient staff. What do they need to organize and make sure they’ve done before the patient leaves and starts that transition, and what is the responsibility of the receiving organization?

That framework is the same for every transition: the content and tools change according to the particular transition. A final section of the playbook details all of the tools used for care transitions. For example, in our network, we’re just now working on the use of reviews for acute care transfers, which is an INTERACT (Interventions to Reduce Acute Care Transfers) tool. In fact, many settings, including all of our SNFs, as it turns out historically, have used that tool. This tool is in the playbook, along with the reference and expectation of when that tool would be used.

Source: Post-Acute Care Trends: Cross-Setting Collaborations to Align Clinical Standards and Provider Demands

http://hin.3dcartstores.com/Post-Acute-Care-Trends-Cross-Setting-Collaborations-to-Align-Clinical-Standards-and-Provider-Demands_p_5149.html

Post-Acute Care Trends: Cross-Setting Collaborations to Align Clinical Standards and Provider Demands examines a collaboration between the first URAC-accredited clinically integrated network in the country and one of its partnering PAC providers to map out and enhance a patient's journey through the network continuum—drilling down to improve the quality of the transition from acute to post-acute care.

CCNC Home Visits in Transitional Care: Payoffs of Targeting Priority Patients

April 7th, 2016 by Patricia Donovan

Timely and appropriately targeted home visits for priority Medicaid beneficiaries significantly reduced hospital admissions and readmissions.

The philosophy behind Community Care of North Carolina's award-winning care transition management program is simple: transitional care works better for some than others.

Before investing in home visits, pharmacist involvement and early outpatient follow-up, healthcare organizations should discern the patients most likely to benefit from these resource-intensive interventions as well as those who won't, advised Carlos Jackson, PhD., CCNC director of program evaluation.

"Transitional care often becomes a one-size-fits-all intervention, where providers feel they have to do the same thing for everybody coming out of the hospital," Jackson noted during Measuring and Evaluating the Impact of Home Visits for Clinically Complex Patients, a March 2016 webinar now available for replay.

In outlining the CCNC approach, Jackson recommends transitional care be targeted towards patients with multiple, chronic or catastrophic conditions to optimize an organization's return on investment.

His organization's dexterity in determining and managing a priority population for transitional care (TC) helped to earn CCNC the inaugural Hearst Health Prize for Population Health earlier this year. With a presence in all one hundred North Carolina counties, CCNC manages 1.5 million Medicaid beneficiaries, among other populations.

Statistically, CCNC determined that only a quarter of its Medicaid discharges were likely to meaningfully benefit from transitional care, and that even within that priority population, only a smaller segment would benefit meaningfully from resource-heavy interventions.

Of all face-to-face encounters with CCNC priority patients, include hospital bedside and office visits, appropriately targeted home visits reduced this population's likelihood of being readmitted to the hospital most significantly, noted Jackson.

"Of course, you can't do a home visit with everybody. If you want a positive return on investment to cover the cost of the home visit, you need to focus on the highest risk patients."

Modeled on the Coleman Transitions Intervention Model®, the eight-year-old CCNC program has elements common to many transitional care initiatives—data analytics, embedded care management, telephonic and face-to-face follow-up. But CCNC has reexamined some traditional transitional care tenets, such as the notion that this type of care is necessary for all.

"Actually, most patients don't benefit," Jackson noted. "Lower risk patients don't benefit. The evidence for benefit is much weaker if you are not one of these high risk, multiple chronic patients."

His organization has also widened its transitional care lens beyond a focus on reducing readmissions. "It's sometimes myopic to focus on just serving the 30-day readmissions," Jackson continued. "If you can deliver good transitional care, you can keep them out of the hospital for a very long time and affect their outcomes way into the future."

The CCNC transitional care approach for North Carolina Medicaid beneficiaries with multiple chronic conditions resulted in more than 2,200 fewer readmissions and 8,000 fewer inpatient admissions in 2014 as compared to 2008, Jackson concluded.

Infographic: A Journey Through Post-Acute Care

March 7th, 2016 by Melanie Matthews

With steeper penalties from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services for hospital readmissions, healthcare organizations are not only looking at internal factors that impact readmissions, but are also partnering with post-acute care providers to shore up issues across the post-acute continuum that could lead to a readmission.

A new infographic by ECG Management Consultants looks at the expected path through the continuum for a high-risk, congestive heart failure patient and how this patient might be better supported in a high-functioning post-acute care model.

2015 Healthcare Benchmarks: Post-Acute Care TrendsHealthcare is exploring new post-acute care (PAC) delivery and payment models to support high-quality, coordinated and cost-effective care across the continuum—a direction that ultimately will hold PAC organizations more accountable for the care they provide. For example: two of four CMS Bundled Payments for Care Improvement (BPCI) models include PAC services; and beginning in 2018, skilled nursing facilities (SNFs) will be subject to Medicare readmissions penalties.

2015 Healthcare Benchmarks: Post-Acute Care Trends captures efforts by 92 healthcare organizations to enhance care coordination for individuals receiving post-acute services following a hospitalization—initiatives like the creation of a preferred PAC network or collaborative. Click here for more information.

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